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Why is Vitamin B-12 important for the body?

Let us know how we will be able to meet the deficiency of this essential nutrient?

Vitamin B 12, Vitamin B 12 Injections, Vitamin B 12 Benefits, Vitamin B 12 Rich Food, Vitamin B 12 Deficiency, Vitamin, Vitamins

5 dariyanews

5 dariyanews

5 Dariya News

26 May 2022

Vitamin B12 deficiency is majorly associated with a spectrum of neuropsychiatric (mental) disorders and also related with other bodily ailments & can cause many problems ranging from anaemia to memory loss and from diarrhoea to constipation. Vitamin B12 deficiency is mostly found in patients over 40 years of age. In this age group, it is associated with a broad spectrum of neuropsychiatric diseases. Symptoms related to vitamin B12 deficiency can be varied and range from neurologic to psychiatric. Vitamin B12 is most commonly found in non-veg food like meat, fish, egg, seafood. Apart from this, some amount of vitamin B12 is also present in dairy products.

Expert Opinion:  

According to the scientific experts, adequate intake of vitamin B12 is important for normal and improved neuropsychiatric health, vitamin B12 is important for the carbon cycle as it serves as a coenzyme for the synthesis of methionine, which, in turn, is essential for methylation. Donates a methyl group. One of the most important phases in the cycle. Vitamin B12 deficiency can also lead to spinal cord lesion or subacute joint degeneration, where a demyelination process leads to degeneration of the myelin sheath in the dorsal and lateral columns.

General Symptoms of Vitamin B12 deficiency:


Bone Disease


Skin Infection / Pale Skin 

Stomach or Crohn's Disease

Temporary Infertility in Women

Permanent Damage to the Nervous System 

Harm to Pregnant Women

Harm to Lactating Women

Walking Disability 

Tingling in Hands & Feet 

Mental Problems 

Breathing Disorder

Memory Loss or Confusion 

Constipation & Weight Loss 

Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause many diseases. Some of these diseases can be treated easily, but there are some diseases which are very serious. Due to these serious diseases, the patient may have to face a lot of problems.


One of the many serious diseases caused by vitamin B12 is anaemia. It is necessary to get the test done by detecting it in time, otherwise anaemia can prove fatal for the patient.

Bone Density: 

The unwanted problems that can occur due to B-12 deficiency are related to many bone-related diseases, such as back and back pain.

Brain function may be affected by: 

Vitamin B12 deficiency can cause significant damage to brain function, which can lead to a variety of mental illnesses. Dementia is the main one. This is a serious disease in which the patient is mentally suffering and unable to even think.

Vitamin B12 deficiency caused by amnesia: 

There can be many reasons for loss of appetite, but it's complaint can also be due to deficiency of vitamin B12, but it is often seen that people often do not take such mental illness seriously, which can cause great harm to the patient. . Therefore, if a person starts feeling such symptoms again and again, then a doctor should be consulted.

Permanent damage to the nervous system: 

Its deficiency can cause severe damage to the nervous system. According to the doctor, patients may have to bear the loss due to this for life.

Harm to pregnant and lactating women:

According to the National Institute of Nutrition, pregnant women or lactating mothers who do not consume enough non-vegetarian diets, or rely solely on vegetarian diets, may be deficient in vitamin B12. If it is not checked at the right time, it can harm the baby too.

Temporary infertility in women due to vitamin B12 deficiency: 

Problems like temporary infertility in women can also be due to the lack of B-12 vitamins. Although there may be other reasons for this, taking medical advice can prove beneficial in this.

Stomach or Crohn's disease due to vitamin B12 deficiency: 

Stomach related diseases can also occur due to deficiency of vitamin B12. Similarly, there can be a deficiency of vitamin B12 in the body due to Crohn's disease.

Skin Infections Due to Vitamin B12 Deficiency: 

Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to skin disorders and infections. Complaints like yellowing in many organs including nails and delay in healing of wounds can also come under this.

The main symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency are as follows:  

In the early stages, the symptoms of vitamin B12 are not recognized when the deficiency of vitamin B12 has started in the body. As soon as the problems related to it start, its deficiency can be detected after conducting the investigation. The main symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency are as follows:

Causes of ill health of pregnant women

The effects of excessive stress or anxiety

Eye related problems

Physical fatigue and weakness in the limbs

Loss of appetite and constipation problem

Causes of ill health of pregnant women:

Due to the deficiency of vitamin B-12, pregnant women often struggle with many health related problems. Which can have an effect on their health. Therefore, it must be checked during pregnancy. 

The effects of excessive stress or anxiety:

Those who are deficient in Vitamin B12 may be affected by stress or anxiety sooner than a healthy person.

Eyerealted problems : 

If you start feeling that you are having problems related to eyesight, then contact the doctor immediately, because vitamin B12 deficiency also causes eye related disorders.

Physical fatigue and weakness in the limbs: 

Physical weakness and fatigue can prove to be major signs of vitamin B12 deficiency.

Loss of appetite and constipation problem:

Lack of vitamin B12 leads to loss of appetite and can also lead to problems like constipation.

Main causes of vitamin B12 deficiency: 

Vitamin B12 deficiency in the body can occur due to the following reasons:-

Lack of proper absorption

Less consumption of enough B12-rich foods

Lack of a vegetarian diet containing B12

Lack of proper absorption: 

Vitamin B12 is absorbed in the body by the food you consume. If the body is not able to absorb vitamin B12 properly, then it can be deficient.

Less consumption of enough B12-rich foods: 

It can also be caused by not consuming enough of a diet containing vitamin B12.

Lack of a vegetarian diet containing B12 :  

According to doctors, vitamin B12 is abundant in a non-vegetarian diet as compared to a vegetarian diet. Therefore, if people who eat a vegetarian diet do not consume enough vitamin B12-rich diet, then there is a possibility of its deficiency.

Which group of people are most vulnerable to vitamin B-12 deficiency? 

Many research results have shown that vegetarians are at a higher risk of experiencing vitamin B12 deficiency. The main symptom of this deficiency, which has been summoned, is that their vegetable diet does not completely include animal-sourced food products, which are rich in vitamin B-12.

People with pernicious anaemia.

Elderly due to lack of ability to absorb vitamins from food.

Crohn's disease patients.

People with small bowel problems.

On the drug metformin for diabetes.

People with small bowel problems.

List of Vitamin B 12 Rich Foods for Vegetarians:

If you are a vegetarian, the choice of food containing B-12 vitamins always becomes a matter of concern, let us know which things can be included in the diet to fulfill the amount of vitamin B12.

Milk, curd, cheese are full of vitamin B12

Soybeans are rich in vitamin B12

Oats are rich in Vitamin B12

Broccoli is rich in Vitamin B12

Mushrooms are rich in Vitamin B12

Milk, curd, cheese are full of vitamin B12: 

Milk is a complete food that is capable of fulfilling the deficiency of protein, calcium and vitamin 12, you can meet the deficiency of B12 with cottage cheese and low fat curd.

Soybeans are rich in vitamin B12: 

Consumption of soybeans can also fulfil the deficiency of vitamin B12. Soybean flour can also be consumed. 

Oats are rich in Vitamin B12: 

Even if you do dieting, the deficiency of vitamin B12 can be fulfilled. Oats are one such food which is also rich in fibre and is beneficial for dieters as well.

Broccoli is rich in Vitamin B12: 

Broccoli is beneficial for health and along with fulfilling the deficiency of vitamin B12, broccoli also fulfils the deficiency of folate and also fulfils the deficiency of haemoglobin.

Mushrooms are rich in Vitamin B12: 

By eating mushrooms, along with vitamin 12, protein, calcium and iron are also available in good quantities. 


Most people who eat a balanced diet receive enough B12. For others, doctors may recommend oral supplements or injections.


Tags: Vitamin B 12 , Vitamin B 12 Injections , Vitamin B 12 Benefits , Vitamin B 12 Rich Food , Vitamin B 12 Deficiency , Vitamin , Vitamins



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