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Malaria: know it’s types, symptoms, treatment & preventions

Malaria, Malaria Symptoms, Malaria Virus, Malaria Vaccine, Malaria Treatment, Malaria Parasite, Malaria Mosquito Name, Anopheles Mosquitoes, Malaria Is Caused By

5 dariyanews

5 dariyanews

5 Dariya News

28 May 2022

Malaria fever is a type of infectious disease caused by mosquitoes which is caused by the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito. A special type of bacteria is found in this female mosquito, which is known in medical language as Plasmodium. Malaria is highest in monsoon and summer season, because the number of mosquitoes increases significantly these days. Malaria mosquitoes mostly breed in those places where there is dirt, dirty water collects. 

Symptoms of malaria can appear in 24 hours to 48 hours. Malaria can also cause kidney and liver dysfunction. Malaria can prove to be fatal if it is not diagnosed and treated on time. Study has found that more than 400 mosquito species in India & over 3500 around the world. While India is targeted to be malaria free by 2030. The other mosquito which is Aedes, causes diseases like dengue, chikungunya & zika virus. 

Detailed explanation of 5 types of Malaria:

Plasmodium Falciparum - 

A person suffering from this disease becomes completely unconscious. He didn't even know what he was talking about. The patient also feels pain in his head along with feeling very cold. Due to continuous vomiting, a person can also die from this type of fever.

Plasmodium Malariae- 

Ithas developmental cycles in the mosquito and in the primate host. When gametocytes are ingested during mosquito feeding, a process called exflagellation of the microgametocyte occurs, resulting in the formation of up to eight mobile microgametes.

Sodium Vivax-

Most of the people suffer from this type of malarial fever, vivax parasite bites mostly during day time. This mosquito causes benign tertian malaria, which starts showing its effect every third day i.e. after 48 hours. The person suffering from this disease has back pain, headache, pain in hands, pain in legs, loss of appetite along with high fever also persists.

Plasmodium Ovale Malaria-

This type of malaria causes benign tertian malaria. Plasmodium malariae is a type of protozoan that is responsible for Benign malaria. However, this malaria is not as dangerous as Plasmodium falciparum or Plasmodium vivax. Quartan malaria occurs in this disease, in which the patient gets fever every fourth day. Apart from this, proteins start coming out of the patient's urine. Due to which there is a lack of protein in the body and the body starts swelling.

Plasmodium Knowlesi:

Plasmodium knowlesi is a primate malaria parasite found in Southeast Asia. The patient suffering from this malaria has fever along with chills. If we talk about its symptoms, then the patient may have to face problems like headache, loss of appetite.

Major symptoms of Malaria:

  • Restless

  • Fatigue

  • Fatigue 

  • Shaking Chills

  • Bloody Stools

  • Convulsions

  • Headache 

  • Sore Throat

  • Vomiting

  • High Fever

  • Sweating

  • Back Pain

  • Muscle Pain

  • Coma

  • Anaemia 

  • Diarrhoea

  • Abdominal Pain 

  • Nausea

Treatment for Malaria:

Treatment of malaria includes antimalarial drugs and drugs to control fever, antiseizure drugs, and electrolytes. Medications available to treat malaria include quinine, mefloquine and doxycycline.

India holds first position with 77% cases:

According to WHO estimates, by 2016 there were 210 million cases of malaria and 42,000 deaths. Malaria transmission was occurring in 91 countries and territories in 2015. India accounts for 77% of the total malaria cases in Southeast Asia. 

Districts with highest stats:

The disease mainly spreads in Rajasthan, Gujarat, Karnataka, Goa, South Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and the northeastern states. Some population groups are more prone to malaria than others. This includes newborns, children below 5 years of age, pregnant women and patients with HIV and AIDS.

Home-made remedies in Malaria:

- Giloy is considered an elixir for the treatment of malaria and dengue.

- Consuming guava, which is rich in vitamin C and many nutrients, is also beneficial in malaria.

- Grinding basil leaves (8-10) and 7-8 black pepper and taking it with honey in the morning and evening reduces fever.

In malaria, avoidable food items are as follows:

- Do not drink cold water at all or take a bath with cold water.

- The patient should not take mango, pomegranate, strawberry, pineapple, orange or citrus fruits.

- Avoid consuming cold things like curd, lime-water, carrot, and radish etc.

- Do not consume foods made from chilli-spices or acid juice.

Strictly abstain from eating fried-roasted or more spicy food outside.

According to reports of World Health Organisation (WHO):

 - 9In 2020, there were an estimated 241 million cases of malaria worldwide.

- Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. It is preventable and curable.

- The estimated number of malaria deaths stood at 627 000 in 2020.

- The WHO African Region carries a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden.

- In 2020, the region was home to 95% of malaria cases and 96% of malaria deaths.

Children under 5 accounted for about 80% of all malaria deaths in the Region.

 

Tags: Malaria , Malaria Symptoms , Malaria Virus , Malaria Vaccine , Malaria Treatment , Malaria Parasite , Malaria Mosquito Name , Anopheles Mosquitoes , Malaria Is Caused By

 

 

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