Friday, 09 December 2022

 

 

LATEST NEWS Education Minister Harjot Singh Bains bats for developing education culture in education department JKRLM Pulwama conducted a Bankers workshop at DMMU Pulwama My Town My Pride : Sarita Chauhan, Vivek Sharma review functioning of Samba Municipality Dr. Arun Kumar Mehta reviews progress on Aadhaar penetration across J&K Exploitation of Poultry and other farmers will not be tolerated: Laljit Singh Bhullar Chitkara University signs MoU with NEC Corporation India to transform learning in the field of AI/ML Organized Two Days Seminar On Safety in Chemical And Others Industries Dil Diyan Gallan with Sonam Bajwa Season 2 will host a star-studded evening this weekend Brains with more vitamin D have better cognitive functions, finds study All-rounder Ashmini Munisar to lead West Indies in inaugural ICC Women's U19 T20 World Cup Selection depends on performances, those who have done well are in the side : Harmanpreet Kaur Injured Mohammed Shami doubtful for Bangladesh Test series : Report Nushrratt Bharuccha begins 'Chhorii 2' with cuts and bruises First-ever surety bond insurance product to be launched on Dec 19 : Nitin Gadkari Randeep Hooda offered his apologies to Guru Granth Sahib for not living upto his promise Himachal Chief Minister Jai Ram Thakur submits resignation to Governor Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar BJP's bastion Gujarat has been breached, next time we will win fort : Arvind Kejriwal Congress gets majority in Himachal by winning 40 seats, BJP shrinks to 25 Agriculture department, SKUAST (J) joins hands to revive Black Zeera cultivation in District Kishtwar Labour Department Rajouri releases Rs 24.47 Lakh as Education Assistance in favor of 275 beneficiaries DHSJ organises awareness workshop on NTCP

 

Indian American inventor, entrepreneur, philanthropist Narinder Kapany left an indelible mark

Book, New Delhi, Father of Fibre Optics, Unsung Heroes of the 20th Century, Narinder Kapany

Web Admin

Web Admin

5 Dariya News

New Delhi , 13 Jan 2022

He is considered the "Father of Fibre Optics", one of the seven "Unsung Heroes of the 20th Century" for his Nobel Prize deserving breakthrough that spawned the Internet and is behind devices ranging from endoscopes to high-capacity telephone lines. Yet, the self-effacing Indian American Narinder Singh Kapany, born in the sleepy town of Moga in undivided Punjab devotes just two-and-a-half-pages in his 277-page memoir to this momentous achievement.Instead, he focuses on his journey as an inventor-entrepreneur encompassing fibre optics communications, lasers, biomedical instrumentation, solar energy and pollution monitoring, registering in the process 120 patents, as also academics e but most importantly as a philanthropist.Over the past 50 years, the Palo Alto, California, based Sikh Foundation that Kapany founded in 1967 pioneered the display of Sikh Arts at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. It has worked tirelessly to promote and preserve Sikh art, heritage, education, culture, and religion by underwriting, mounting, and/or providing the art for numerous world-class Sikh art retrospectives, museum exhibitions and lecture series from London, to Toronto and the US, including New York City, Washington D.C. (at the Smithsonian for five years, Texas and California, where at San Francisco's Asian Art Museum, Kapany donated the nation's first permanent Sikh gallery.

All this is in addition to four Chairs that the Foundation has underwritten at the Universities of California Santa Cruz, Sana Barbara and Riverside and the California State University East Bay, as also its support for Punjabi language programmes at Columbia, Stanford and the University of California Berkeley."Together, we must work toward absolute equality for all, promoting love and charity. This not one way of moving forward; it is the only way," Kapany, who died on December 4, 2020 aged 94, nine months after completing his memoirs, maintains in "The Man Who Bent Light" (Roli Books).The spark was ignited in high school in Dehradun, where, a teacher told Kapany that light could travel only in a straight line. Determined to prove his teacher wrong, he went on to graduate from Agra University before going to Imperial College to work on a PhD in optics from the University of London.In 1953, working alongside physicist Harold Hopkins at the Imperial College, Kapany, after a great deal of trial and effort, was the first to successfully transmit high-quality images through fibre bundles, coining the term fibre optics in a 1960 article for Scientific American.

He describes the breakthrough rather modestly:"On my request, Professor Hopkins appeared in the lab... I (had) affixed a black mask with the cut-out word eFIBRE' to a lens that I had set up in front of the business end of the remaining end remaining (optical glass) bunch and beamed it to a makeshift projection screen on the far wall.

"Well, Kapany, what do you have to show me?

"I pulled up the single chair in the lab, placed it with the best sight line to the screen, and urged him to sit."Ready, I asked."Yes, yes, he said, feigning impatience.

"I closed the door, shut off all the lights, and in a single, final effort, I switched on the light source. And there it was. On the screen. Like an optometrist's chart but with only a single line of large letters, as clear as it could be: F...I...B...R...E."Kapany had proved that ultimately, what it comes down to is persistence."Doggedness is an important attribute in a field where, by most measures, only a fraction succeed," Kapany writes.This was an attribute that followed him through his life.In 1961, Kapany along with his wife moved to Woodside on the San Francisco Peninsula and today one of the wealthiest communities in the US, where he founded Optics Technology Inc. successfully taking it public in 1967. He was the first Sikh Indian to take a company public in Silicon Valley. The San Francisco Examiner, in February 1969, described him as eethe most dashing corporate officer in the area'. Subsequently, he founded Kaptron Inc. in 1973, which was later acquired by AMP Inc.

In between, he was offered the post of Scientific Advisor to then Defence Minister V.K. Krishna, with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru himself forwarding the recommendation to the UPSC, which made such senior appointments. However, the offer was a year in coming, during which Kapany had moved on.He was later offered the position of Assistant Secretary for Commerce in the administration of Richard Nixon but this didn't go through as he was known to be uncomfortable with the then US President.Kapany even had an extended meeting with Daniel Patrick Moynihan when he was named the US Ambassador to India to come on board as his number two"It was not to be the case, however, and largely, I believe, for the very trepidations he had expressed in our conversation that day: that it was simply too early in modern India's development for a partnership such as ours," Kapany writes.It's a measure of the man who was posthumously awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India's second highest civilian award, that he has no regrets."To the years gone by, I bid a fond farewell. For those yet to come, I welcome them, I embrace them," Kapany wrote in the concluding chapter, titled "In Closing" that he signed off in March 2020.

 

Tags: Book , New Delhi , Father of Fibre Optics , Unsung Heroes of the 20th Century , Narinder Kapany

 

 

related news

 

 

 

Photo Gallery

 

 

Video Gallery

 

 

5 Dariya News RNI Code: PUNMUL/2011/49000
© 2011-2022 | 5 Dariya News | All Rights Reserved
Powered by: CDS PVT LTD